2021년 3월 고1 영어 모의고사 선택형 변형문제입니다.
정답은 가지고 있는 본문이나 제 블로그 한줄해석 원본을 통해 다시 읽으면서 확인하셔야 기억이 잘 납니다.
오류나 오탈자 있을 수 있습니다. 도움이 되길 기대합니다.
20. 이메일을 전송하기 전에 반드시 검토해야 한다.
At a publishing house and at a newspaper you learn the following: It’s not a mistake if it doesn’t end up in print. It’s the same for email. [Bad Nothing / Nothing bad] can happen if you haven’t hit the Send key. [That / What] you’ve written can have misspellings, errors of fact, rude comments, obvious lies, but it doesn’t matter. If you haven’t sent it, you still have time to [pix / fix] it. You can correct any mistake and nobody will ever know the difference. This is easier said than done, of course. Send is your computer’s most [distractive / attractive] command. But before you hit the Send key, make sure that you read your document carefully one last time.
21. 과거의 행동에 대한 후회를 이겨내고 미래를 준비하라.
Get past the ‘I wish I [hasven’t / hadn’t] done that!’ reaction. If the disappointment [what / that] you’re feeling is linked to an exam you didn’t pass because you didn’t study for it, or a job you didn’t get because you said silly things at the interview, or a person [who / whose] you didn’t impress because you took entirely the wrong approach, accept that it’s happened now. The only value of ‘I wish I [hadn’t / haven’t] done that!’ is [what / that] you’ll know better what to do next time. The learning payoff is useful and significant. This ‘if only I ...’ agenda is [vertical / virtual.] Once you have worked that out, it’s time to [translate / terminate] it from the past tense to the future tense: ‘Next time I’m in this situation, I’m going to try to ...’.
22 .자기 의심은 스트레스를 유발하고, 객관적 판단을 흐린다.
If you care deeply about something, you may place greater value on your ability to succeed in that area of concern. The internal pressure [that / what] you place on yourself to achieve or do well socially is normal and useful, but when you [credit / doubt] your ability to succeed in areas that are important to you, your selfworth suffers. Situations are uniquely stressful for each of us based on [whether / which] they activate our doubt. It’s not the pressure to perform [what / which] creates your stress. Rather, it’s the selfdoubt that bothers you. Doubt causes you [seeing / to see] positive, neutral, and even genuinely negative experiences more negatively and as a reflection of your own shortcomings. When you see situations and your strengths more objectively, you are [less / more] likely to have doubt as the source of your distress.
23. 거짓말의 신호인 대화에 대한 지연된 반응
When two people are involved in an honest and open conversation, there is a back and forth flow of information. It is a smooth exchange. Since each one is drawing on their past personal experiences, the pace of the exchange is as [slow / fast] as memory. When one person lies, their responses will come more slowly because the brain needs more time to process the details of a new invention than to [call / recall] stored facts. As they say, “Timing is everything.” You will notice the time lag when you are having a conversation with someone who is making [up things / things up] as they go. Don’t forget that the other person may be reading your body language as well, and if you seem to be [disbelieving / disbelieved] their story, they will have to pause to process that information, too.
24. 구입하고 나서 사용하지 않는 물건들은 모두 낭비(쓰레기)이다.
Think, for a moment, about something you bought [what / that] you never ended [to use / using.] An item of clothing you never ended up [to wear / wearing]? A book you never read? Some piece of electronic equipment that never even made it out of the box? It is estimated [which / that] Australians alone spend on average $10.8 billion AUD (approximately $9.99 billion USD) every year on goods they do not use—more than the total government spending on universities and roads. That is an average of $1,250 AUD (approximately $1,156 USD) for each household. All the things we buy [that / what] then just sit there gathering dust [is / are] waste—a waste of money, a waste of time, and waste in the sense of pure rubbish. As the author Clive Hamilton observes, ‘The difference between the stuff we buy and what we use [being / is] waste.’+
29. 아이들에게 악기 연주들 지도하기 전에 악기를 직접 다루고 탐구할 시간을 주어라
Although there is usually a correct way of holding and playing musical instruments, the most important instruction to begin with is [what / that] they are not toys and that they must be looked after. Allow children time [to explore / exploring] ways of handling and playing the instruments for themselves before [showing / show] them. Finding different ways to produce sounds [is / are] an important stage of musical exploration. Correct playing [comes / come] from the desire to find the most appropriate sound quality and find the most comfortable playing position so that one can play with control over time. As instruments and music become more complex, learning appropriate playing techniques [become / becomes] increasingly [unconnected / relevant].
30. 조명 가격의 하락이 세상을 밝혀 오늘날의 혜택을 누릴 수 있다.
When the price of something fundamental drops greatly, the whole world can change. Consider light. Chances are you are reading this sentence under some kind of artificial light. [However / Moreover,] you probably never thought about [whether / that] using artificial light for reading was worth it. Light is so cheap [which / that] you use it without thinking. But in the early 1800s, it would have cost you four hundred times [when / what] you are paying now for the same amount of light. At that price, you would notice the cost and would think twice before using artificial light to read a book. The decrease in the price of light lit up the world. Not only [it did / did it] turn night into day, but it allowed us to live and work in big buildings [what / that] natural light could not enter. Nearly nothing we have today [would / will] be possible if the cost of artificial light [has not / had not] dropped to almost nothing.
31. 동물의 욕구가 예측 가능하고 일관되게 충족되도록 하는 것이 동물을 잘 보살피는 것이다.
One of the most important [aspects / aspects] of providing good care is making sure that an animal’s needs are being met [consciously / consistently] and predictably. Like humans, animals need a sense of control. So an animal who may get enough food but doesn’t know when the food will [be appeared / appear] and can see no consistent schedule may experience distress. We can provide a sense of control by ensuring that our animal’s environment is [changeable / predictable:] : there is always water [available / availably] and always in the same place. There is always food when we get up in the morning and after our evening walk. There will always be a time and place to eliminate, without having to hold things in to the point of discomfort. Human companions can display consistent emotional support, rather than providing love one moment and withholding love the next. When animals know what to [express / expect,] they can feel more confident and calm.
32. 음식을 통해 감정을 통제하는 방법은 장기적으로는 아이에게 해로울 수 있다.
When a child is upset, the easiest and quickest way to calm [down them / them down] is to give them food. This acts as a distraction from the feelings [that / what] they are having, gives them something to do with their hands and mouth and [shifts / shift] their attention from whatever was upsetting them. If the food [chosen / choosing] is also seen as a treat such as sweets or a biscuit, then the child will feel ‘treated’ and happier. In the shorter term using food like this is effective. But in the longer term it can be harmful as we quickly learn that food is a [good / bad] way to manage emotions. Then as we go through life, whenever we feel [annoying / annoyed,] anxious or even just [bored / boring], we turn to food to make ourselves [to feel / feel] better.
33. 양서류로써의 개구리의 생태
Scientists believe that the frogs’ ancestors were waterdwelling, fishlike animals. The first frogs and their relatives gained the ability [for / to] come out on land and enjoy the opportunities for food and shelter there. But they still kept many ties to the [lad / water.] A frog’s lungs do not work very well, and it gets part of its oxygen by breathing through its [lung / skin.] But for this kind of “breathing” to work properly, the frog’s skin must stay moist. And so the frog must remain near the water [where / which] it can take a dip every now and then to keep [to / from] drying out. Frogs must also [lay / lie] their eggs in water, as their fishlike ancestors [did / were]. And eggs [laying / laid] in the water must develop into water creatures, if they are to survive. For frogs, metamorphosis thus provides the bridge between the waterdwelling young forms and the landdwelling adults.
34. 실질적 자유는 사람들이 선택하는 것을 할 수 있는 수단과 능력을 갖추고 있는가에 달려 있다
It is important to [distinguish / compromise] between being legally allowed [doing / to do] something, and actually being able to go and do it. A law could be passed [allowed / allowing] everyone, if they so wish, [to run / running] a mile in two minutes. That would not, however, increase their effective freedom, because, although [allowing / allowed] to do so, they are physically incapable of it. Having a minimum of restrictions and a maximum of possibilities [is / are] fine. But in the real world most people will never have the opportunity either to become all [what / that] they are allowed to become, or [needing / to need] to be restrained from doing everything [what / that] is possible [for / to] them to do. Their effective freedom depends on [legally / actually] having the means and ability to do what they choose.
35. 오늘날의 음악가들은 회사나 외부의 도움 없이 직접 팬들에게 음악을 전달할 수 있다.
Today’s music business has allowed musicians [taking / to take] matters into their own hands. Gone [are / is] the days of musicians [waiting / waited] for a gatekeeper (someone who holds power and prevents you from [letting / being let] in) at a label or TV show to say they are worthy of the spotlight. In today’s music business, you don’t need to ask for permission to build a fanbase and you no longer need to pay thousands of dollars to a company to do it. Every day, musicians are getting their music out to thousands of listeners [with / without] any outside help. They simply deliver it to the fans directly, without asking for permission or outside help to receive exposure or connect with thousands of listeners.
36. 주요 스포츠에 사용되는 공의 특징
Almost all major sporting activities are [played / playing] with a ball. The rules of the game always include rules about the type of ball [what / that] is allowed, [starting / starts] with the size and weight of the ball. The ball must also have a certain stiffness. A ball might have the correct size and weight but if it is made as a hollow ball of steel it will be too stiff and if it is made from light foam rubber with a heavy center it will be too soft. [Consequently / Similarly,] along with stiffness, a ball needs to bounce [softly / properly.] A solid rubber ball would be too bouncy for most sports, and a solid ball made of clay would not bounce at all.
37. 화학자들도 수학에서처럼 기호를 사용하여 화학식을 쓴다.
If you had to write a math equation, you probably wouldn’t write, “Twentyeight plus fourteen equals fortytwo.” It would take too long [to write / writing] and it would be [hard / hardly] to read quickly. You would write, “28+14=42.” Chemistry is the same way. Chemists have to write chemical equations all the time, and it would take too long to write and read if they had to spell everything out. So chemists use [numbers / symbols,] just like we do in math. A chemical formula lists all the elements that [forms / form] each molecule and [use / uses] a small number to the bottom right of an element’s symbol to stand for the number of atoms of that element. For example, the chemical formula for water is H2O. That tells us [which / that] a water molecule is made up of two hydrogen (“H” and “2”) atoms and one oxygen (“O”) atom.
38. 작은 승리나 사소한 패배로 시작한 것은 쌓여서 훨씬 더 큰 무언가가 된다.
It is so easy to [overestimate / underestimate] the importance of one defining moment and [overestimate / underestimate] the value of making [big / small] improvements on a daily basis. Too often, we convince ourselves [that / who] massive success requires [massive / tiny] action. Whether it is losing weight, winning a championship, or achieving any other goal, we put pressure on ourselves to make some earthshaking improvement [what / that] everyone will [talk / talk about.] Meanwhile, improving by 1 percent isn’t particularly [neglectable / notable,] but it can be [very / far] more meaningful in the long run. The difference this tiny improvement can make over time is [surprising / surprised]. Here’s how the math works out: if you can get 1 percent better each day for one year, you’ll end up thirtyseven times better by the time you’re done. [Consequently / Conversely,] if you get 1 percent worse each day for one year, you’ll [incline / decline] nearly down to zero. What starts as a [huge / small] win or a [minor / major] failure adds up to something much more.
39. 요약 : 인류는 지속적으로 환경에 적응함으로써 생존을 이어 올 수 있었으므로 미지의 땅으로 향할 때는 그 환경에 대해 충분히 준비하는 것이 중요하다.
The continued survival of the human race can be explained by our ability to [adapt / adopt] to our environment. While we may have lost some of our ancient ancestors’ survival skills, we have learned new skills as they have become necessary. Today, the gap [among / between] the skills we once had and the skills we now have [growing / grows] ever wider as we rely more heavily on modern technology. [Therefore / However], when you head off into the wilderness, it is important to fully [preparing / prepare] for the environment. Before a trip, research how the native inhabitants dress, work, and eat. [How / What] they have adapted to their way of life will help you to understand the environment and allow you [selecting / to select] the best gear and learn the correct skills. This is [crucial / cruel] because most survival situations [rises / arise] as a result of a series of events that could have been [avoiding / avoided].
40. 휴대폰의 존재는 휴대폰이 무시되고 있을 때조차 대화에 참여하는 사람들 간의 관계를 약화시킨다.
In one study, researchers asked pairs of strangers [sitting / to sit] down in a room and chat. In half of the rooms, a cell phone was placed on a nearby table; in the other half, no phone was present. After the conversations had ended, the researchers asked the participants [how / what] they thought of each other. Here’s what they learned: when a cell phone was [absent / present] in the room, the participants reported the quality of their relationship was [worse / better] than those who’d talked in a cell phonefree room. The pairs who talked in the rooms with cell phones thought their partners showed [less / more] [empathy / antipathy]. Think of all the times you’ve sat down to have lunch with a friend and set your phone on the table. You might have felt good about yourself because you didn’t pick [up it / it up] to check your messages, but your unchecked messages were still [hurting / curing] your connection with the person [sit / sitting] across from you.
antipathy : 반감
41~42 반복을 통해 두뇌의 뉴런이 연결되어 새로운 습관이 활성화되므로 계속 피드백을 통해 반복해라.
As kids, we worked hard at learning to ride a bike; when we fell off, we got back on again, until it became second [mature / nature] to us. But when we try something new in our adult lives we’ll usually make just one attempt before judging [whether / that] it’s worked. If we don’t succeed the first time, or if it feels a little awkward, we’ll tell ourselves it wasn’t a success rather than giving it [the other / another] shot. That’s a shame, because [reputation / repetition] is central to the process of rewiring our brains. Consider the idea [which / that] your brain has a network of neurons. They will connect with each other whenever you remember to use a brainfriendly feedback technique. Those connections aren’t very reliable at first, [it / which] may make your first efforts a little hitandmiss. You might remember one of the [step / steps] involved, and not the others. But scientists have a saying: “neurons that fire together, wire together.” In other words, repetition of an action [undermine / reinforce] the connections between the neurons involved in that action. That means [that / what] the more times you try using that new feedback technique, the more [esay / easily] it will come to you when you need it.
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