고1 2021년 6월 전국연합학력평가 영어 변형문제 1차 기본형입니다.
내용 이해 위주로 문제를 만들었습니다.
오류나 오탈자 있을 수 있습니다.
정답은 아래에 있습니다.
1) 다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?
Dear Mr. Jones,
I am James Arkady, PR Director of KHJ Corporation. We are planning to redesign our brand identity and launch a new logo to celebrate our 10th anniversary. We request you to create a logo that best suits our company’s core vision, ‘To inspire humanity.’ I hope the new logo will convey our brand message and capture the values of KHJ. Please send us your logo design proposal once you are done with it. Thank you.
① to apply for a job opportunity.
② to promote a new products
③ to stress the importance of design.
④ to ask to make a company logo.
⑤ to celebrate the 10th company anniversary.
2) 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오
One day, Cindy happened to sit next to a famous artist in a cafe, and she was thrilled to see him in person.
(A) Cindy stopped him. “Can I have that napkin you drew on?”, she asked. “Sure,” he replied. “Twenty thousand dollars.” She said, with her eyes wideopen, “What? It took you like two minutes to draw that.”
(B) He was drawing on a used napkin over coffee. She was looking on in awe. After a few moments, the man finished his coffee and was about to throw away the napkin as he left.
(C) “No,” he said. “It took me over sixty years to draw this.” Being at a loss, she stood still rooted to the ground.
① (A)-(C)-(B) ② (B)-(C)-(A)
③ (B)-(A)-(C) ④ (C)-(A)-(B) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)
3) 다음 글에서 필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?
Sometimes, you feel the need to avoid something that will lead to success out of discomfort. Maybe you are avoiding extra work because you are tired. You are actively shutting out success because you want to avoid being uncomfortable. Therefore, overcoming your instinct to avoid uncomfortable things at first is essential. Try doing new things outside of your comfort zone. Change is always uncomfortable, but it is key to doing things differently in order to find that magical formula for success.
① Don’t be afraid of trying something unfamiliar to succeed.
② If you do your best, you will overcome difficulties to be successful.
③ Do not stop, patience is the best way to be happy.
④ Avoid situations that make you discomfort.
⑤ Instinct is one of biggest obstacles to stay on comfort zone.
4) 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? [3점]
We have a tendency to interpret events selectively. If we want things to be “this way” or “that way” we can most certainly select, stack, or arrange evidence in a way that supports such a viewpoint. Selective perception is based on what seems to us to stand out. However, what seems to us to be standing out may very well be related to our goals, interests, expectations, past experiences, or current demands of the situation — “with a hammer in hand, everything looks like a nail.” This quote highlights the phenomenon of selective perception. If we want to use a hammer, then the world around us may begin to look as though it is full of nails!
① 인간은 객관적 시각을 가지고 있다.
② 삶에서 올바른 선택을 하는 것은 중요하다.
③ 인간은 자기가 좋아하는 것만 선택 한다
④ 어떤 것을 결정할 때 실패를 두려워 하지 마라.
⑤ 인간은 색안경을 끼고 세상을 보는 경향이 있다.
5) 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오
Rather than attempting to punish students with a low grade or mark in the hope it will encourage them to give greater effort in the future, teachers can better motivate students by considering their work as incomplete and then requiring additional effort.
(A) And with appropriate support, they believe students will continue to work until their performance is satisfactory.
(B) This policy is / was based on the belief that students perform at a failure level or submit failing work in large part because teachers accept it. The Beachwood teachers reason that if they no longer accept substandard work, students will not submit it.
(C) Teachers at Beachwood Middle School in Beachwood, Ohio, record students’ grades as A, B,C, or I(Incomplete). Students who receive an I grade are required to do additional work in order to bring their performance up to an acceptable level.
① (A)-(C)-(B) ② (B)-(C)-(A)
③ (B)-(A)-(C) ④ (C)-(A)-(B) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)
6) 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?
Curiosity makes us much more likely to view a tough problem as an interesting challenge to take on. A stressful meeting with our boss becomes an opportunity to learn. A nervous first date becomes an exciting night out with a new person. A colander becomes a hat. In general, curiosity motivates us to view stressful situations as challenges rather than threats, to talk about difficulties more openly, and to try new approaches to solving problems. In fact, curiosity is associated with a less defensive reaction to stress and, as a result, less aggression when we respond to irritation. *colander (음식 재료의 물을 빼는 데 쓰는) 체
① Curiosity! the way to get over difficulties.
② What is curiosity?
③ Stress! the enemy of our health.
④ Keep on challenging, you will succeed.
⑤ Stress can bring about curiosity.
7) 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?
When people think about the development of cities, rarely do they consider the critical role of vertical transportation. In fact, each day, more than 7 billion elevator journeys are taken in tall buildings all over the world. Efficient vertical transportation can expand our ability to build taller and taller skyscrapers. Antony Wood, a Professor of Architecture at the Illinois Institute of Technology, explains that advances in elevators over the past 20 years are probably the greatest advances we have seen in tall buildings. For example, elevators in the Jeddah Tower in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, under construction, will reach a height record of 660m.
① Advice for building efficient transportation system.
② Danger of constructing tall building.
③ Advances of elevators
④ Importance of vertical transportation to cities
⑤ History of transportation system in city
8) 다음 글의 내용과 가장 일치하는 것은?
There have been occasions in which you have observed a smile and you could sense it was not genuine. The most obvious way of identifying a genuine smile from an insincere one is that a fake smile primarily only affects the lower half of the face, mainly with the mouth alone. The eyes don’t really get involved. Take the opportunity to look in the mirror and manufacture a smile using the lower half your face only. When you do this, judge how happy your face really looks — is it genuine? A genuine smile will impact on the muscles and wrinkles around the eyes and less noticeably, the skin between the eyebrow and upper eyelid is lowered slightly with true enjoyment. The genuine smile can impact on the entire face.
① Smile is one of the best ways to make people happy.
② It doesn’t matter whether smile is genuine or fake.
③ When you smile, try to use entire face muscles.
④ When one smile using all parts of face, then the smile is genuine.
⑤ Look in mirror, observe your face, and try to smile with your mouth.
9) 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?
Detailed study over the past two or three decades is showing that the complex forms of natural systems are essential to their functioning. The attempt to straighten rivers and give them regular crosssections is perhaps the most disastrous example of this formandfunction relationship. Th e natural river has a very irregular form: it curves a lot, spills across flood plains, and leaks into wetlands, giving it an everchanging and incredibly complex shoreline. This allows the river to accommodate variations in water level and speed. Pushing the river into tidy geometry destroys functional capacity and results in disasters like the Mississippi floods of 1927 and 1993 and, more recently, the unnatural disaster of Hurricane Katrina. A $50 billion plan to “let the river loose” in Louisiana recognizes that the controlled Mississippi is washing away twentyfour square miles of that state annually.
*geometry 기하학 **capacity 수용능력
① 복잡한 강의 형태는 재해를 일으킬 수 있다.
② 강의 형태는 직선을 유지하는 게 생태계에 좋다.
③ 가의 수위와 속도 조절을 통해 홍수를 예방할 수 있다
④ 강을 자연 그대로의 복잡한 형태로 있도록 하라
⑤ 강의 기능에 대한 유속과 형태의 역할을 정확히 파악하라.
10) 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?
In a culture where there is a belief that you can have anything you truly want, there is no problem in choosing. Many cultures, however, do not maintain this belief. In fact, many people do not believe that life is about getting what you want. Life is about doing what you are supposed to do. The reason they have trouble making choices is they believe that what they may want is not related to what they are supposed to do. The weight of outside considerations is greater than their desires. When this is an issue in a group, we discuss what makes for good decisions. If a person can be unburdened from their cares and duties and, just for a moment, consider what appeals to them, they get the chance to sort out what is important to them. Then they can consider and negotiate with their external pressures.
① 어떤 사회에서는 선택이 문제가 되지 않는다.
② 어떤 문화에서는 원하는 것을 쉽게 얻을 수 없다.
③ 선택에서 외부적 요인보다는 내면적 욕구에 충실해야 한다.
④ 원하는 것과 해야 하는 것의 차이에서 선택의 어려움이 있다.
⑤ 삶의 선택의 과정에 우선 자신에게 중요한 가치를 가려내고 외부적 요인에 고려하곤 한다.
11) 다음 글의 내용과 가장 일치하는 것은?
Research has confirmed that athletes are less likely to participate in unacceptable behavior than are nonathletes. However, moral reasoning and good sporting behavior seem to decline as athletes progress to higher competitive levels, in part because of the increased emphasis on winning. Thus winning can be a doubleedged sword in teaching character development. Some athletes may want to win so much that they lie, cheat, and break team rules. They may develop undesirable character traits that can enhance their ability to win in the short term. However, when athletes resist the temptation to win in a dishonest way, they can develop positive character traits that last a lifetime. Character is a learned behavior, and a sense of fair play develops only if coaches plan to teach those lessons systematically. *trait 특성
① 운동선수는 일반인보다 부정한 행위를 덜 할 가능성이 높다.
② 지나친 승리에 대한 강조가 운동선수의 도덕적 분별력을 잃게 할 수 있다.
③ 어떤 선수는 이기려고 부정한 특성를 발전시킬 수 도 있다.
④ 부정한 방법으로 승리하고자 하는 욕구를 이겨낼 때 긍정적인 인성이 계발 될 수 있다.
⑤ 인성은 선천적인 행동양식이며 페이플레이 정신은 계획에 의해서만 가르칠 수 있다.
12) 다음 글의 내용과 가장 일치하지 않는 것은?
Due to technological innovations, music can now be experienced by more people, for more of the time than ever before. Mass availability has given individuals unheardof control over their own soundenvironment. However, it has also confronted them with the simultaneous availability of countless genres of music, in which they have to orient themselves. People start filtering out and organizing their digital libraries like they used to do with their physical music collections. However, there is the difference that the choice lies in their own hands. Without being restricted to the limited collection of musicdistributors, nor being guided by the local radio program as a ‘preselector’ of the latest hits, the individual actively has to choose and determine his or her musical preferences. The search for the right song is thus associated with considerable effort. *simultaneous:동시의
① 기술혁신으로 더 많은 사람이 더 많은 음악을 들을 수 있다.
② 음악 환경에 대한 통제권이 개인들에게 주어졌다.
③ 물리적 환경에서와는 달리 더 이상 음악을 고르고 수집할 필요가 없다.
④ 음악에 대한 선택권 음악 수요자에게 있다
⑤ 개인이 스스로 적절한 음악을 찾는 노력을 해야한다.
13) 다음 글이 내용과 일치하지 않는 것을 모두 고르시오
It is common to assume that creativity concerns primarily the relation between actor(creator) and artifact(creation). However, from a sociocultural standpoint, the creative act is never “complete” in the absence of a second position — that of an audience. While the actor or creator him/herself is the first audience of the artifact being produced, this kind of distantiation can only be achieved by internalizing the perspective of others on one’s work. This means that, in order to be an audience to your own creation, a history of interaction with others is needed. We exist in a social world that constantly confronts us with the “view of the other.” It is the view we include and blend into our own activity, including creative activity. This outside perspective is essential for creativity because it gives new meaning and value to the creative act and its product.
① 창의성은 창작자와 창작물의 관계가 중요하는 인식이 있다.
② 창작행위는 창작자, 창작물외에 제 3자의 입장이 필요하다.
③ 행위자나 창작자는 자신의 작품에 첫 번째 관객이 될 수 없다.
④ 다른 사람의 관점을 내면화하는 작업을 통해서 창의성의 결과를 완성될 수 있다.
⑤ 창의적 결과물에 의미와 가치를 부여하는 것은 작가의 내부적 관점이다.
14) 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?
Health and the spread of disease are very closely linked to how we live and how our cities operate. The good news is that cities are incredibly resilient. Many cities have experienced epidemics in the past and have not only survived, but advanced. The nineteenth and earlytwentieth centuries saw destructive outbreaks of cholera, typhoid, and influenza in European cities. Doctors such as Jon Snow, from England, and Rudolf Virchow, of Germany, saw the connection between poor living conditions, overcrowding, sanitation, and disease. A recognition of this connection led to the replanning and rebuilding of cities to stop the spread of epidemics. In the midnineteenth century, London’s pioneering sewer system, which still serves it today, was built as a result of understanding the importance of clean water in stopping the spread of cholera.
*resilient 회복력이 있는 **sewer system 하수처리시스템
① 건강과 질병의 확산은 도시 운영과 관계가 깊다
② 많은 도시가 전염병을 이겨내고 발전했다
③ 전염병에 대한 경험으로 전염병과 도시 위생과의 관계를 알게 되었다.
④ 전염병 경험 후 도시들은 도시 계획을 새로이 설정했다.
⑤ 런던의 선구적인 하수처리시스템은 오늘날과 다르지만 전염병 확산 예방을 위해 만들어 졌다.
15) 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?
Starting from birth, babies are immediately attracted to faces. Scientists were able to show this by having babies look at two simple images, one that looks more like a face than the other. By measuring where the babies looked, scientists found that the babies looked at the facelike image more than they looked at the nonface image. Even though babies have poor eyesight, they prefer to look at faces. But why? One reason babies might like faces is because of something called evolution. Evolution involves changes to the structures of an organism(such as the brain) that occur over many generations. These changes help the organisms to survive, making them alert to enemies. By being able to recognize faces from afar or in the dark, humans were able to know someone was coming and protect themselves from possible danger.
① Babies can recognize faces inherently
② Bad eyesights babies prefer to look faces image than good ones.
③ Baby’s preference to face has something to do with survival.
④ Evolution changes the structure of creatures through many generations.
⑤ Identifying face is results of evolutions
16) 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?
People spend much of their time interacting with media, but that does not mean that people have the critical skills to analyze and understand it. One wellknown study from Stanford University in 2016 demonstrated that youth are easily fooled by misinformation, especially when it comes through social media channels. This weakness is not found only in youth, however. Research from New York University found that people over 65 shared seven times as much misinformation as their younger counterparts. All of this raises a question: What’s the solution to the misinformation problem? Governments and tech platforms certainly have a role to play in blocking misinformation. However, every individual needs to take responsibility for combating this threat by becoming more information literate.
① 사람들은 미디어 정보를 분석할 수 있는 기술을 가지고 있지 않다.
② 소셜 미디어를 많이 이용하는 연령층이 잘못된 미디어 정보에 속기 쉽다.
③ 노령층의 잘못된 정보에 대한 대응력은 젊은이들 보다 좋다.
④ 가짜 뉴스를 통제하고 막아내는 것은 정부의 역할 중 하나이다.
⑤ 개개인들도 잘못된 정보를 분별할 수 있도록 해야 한다.
17) 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?
Sound and light travel in waves. An analogy often given for sound is that of throwing a small stone onto the surface of a still pond. Waves radiate outwards from the point of impact, just as sound waves radiate from the sound source. This is due to a disturbance in the air around us. If you bang two sticks together, you will get a sound. As the sticks approach each other, the air immediately in front of them is compressed and energy builds up. When the point of impact occurs, this energy is released as sound waves. If you try the same experiment with two heavy stones, exactly the same thing occurs, but you get a different sound due to the density and surface of the stones, and as they have likely displaced more air, a louder sound. And so, a physical disturbance in the atmosphere around us will produce a sound.
*analogy비유 **radiate 사방으로 퍼지다
① 소리와 빛은 같은 방식을 통해 이동한다.
② 소리가 발생하는 것은 연못에 던진 돌멩이가 일으키는 현상과 유사하다.
③ 두 물체가 부딪히면 주변 공기가 팽창하여 에너지 밀도가 높아진다.
④ 두 물체가 충돌하면 에너지가 음파로 퍼져 나간다.
⑤ 두 물체의 밀도가 높으면 충돌로 인한 소리가 더 크다.
18) 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은?
Food chain means the transfer of food energy from the source in plants through a series of organisms with the repeated process of eating and being eaten. In a grassland, grass is eaten by rabbits while rabbits in turn are eaten by foxes. This is an example of a simple food chain. This food chain implies the sequence in which food energy is transferred from producer to consumer or higher trophic level. It has been observed that at each level of transfer, a large proportion, 80–90 percent, of the potential energy is lost as heat. Hence the number of steps or links in a sequence is restricted, usually to four or five. The shorter the food chain or the nearer the organism is to the beginning of the chain, the greater the available energy intake is.
① 먹이 사슬을 통해 식품 에너지가 이동한다.
② 풀은 먹은 토끼는 자신을 잡아 먹은 여우에게 에너지를 전달한다.
③ 먹이사슬 단계가 많아 질수록 에너지 전달량은 크다.
④ 이상적인 먹이 사슬이 단계는 5개 이내이다.
⑤ 먹이 사슬이 길수록 하위 단계에서의 에너지 섭취량은 많아 진다.
19) 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서를 쓰시오.
A woman named Rhonda who attended the University of California at Berkeley had a problem. She was living near campus with several other people — none of whom knew one another.
(A) It was a classic tragedyofthecommons situation : because some people took more toilet paper than their fair share, the public resource was destroyed for everyone else.
(B) To her great satisfaction, one roll reappeared in a few hours, and another the next day. In the other notefree bathroom, however, there was no toilet paper until the following weekend, when the cleaning people returned.
(C) After reading a research paper about behavior change, Rhonda put a note in one of the bathrooms asking people not to remove the toilet paper, as it was a shared item.
(D) When the cleaning people came each weekend, they left several rolls of toilet paper in each of the two bathrooms. However, by Monday all the toilet paper would be gone.
20) 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오
If you were afraid of standing on balconies, you would start on some lower floors and slowly work your way up to higher ones. It would be easy to face a fear of standing on high balconies in a way that’s totally controlled.
(A) Most people’s selfesteem isn’t going to be affected that much if they don’t like balconies, but your confidence can suffer if you can’t socialize effectively. It’s also harder to design a tidy way to gradually face many social fears. The social situations you need to expose yourself to may not be available when you want them, or they may not go well enough for you to sense that things are under control.
(B) The progression from one step to the next may not be clear, creating unavoidable large increases in difficulty from one to the next. People around you aren’t robots that you can endlessly experiment with for your own purposes. This is not to say that facing your fears is pointless when socializing. The principles of gradual exposure are still very useful. The process of applying them is just messier, and knowing that before you start is helpful.
(C) Socializing is trickier. People aren’t like inanimate features of a building that you just have to be around to get used to. You have to interact with them, and their responses can be unpredictable. Your feelings toward them are more complex too.
① (A)-(C)-(B) ② (B)-(C)-(A)
③ (B)-(A)-(C) ④ (C)-(A)-(B) ⑤ (C)-(B)-(A)
4) ⑤ 우리는 사건을 선택적으로 해석하는 경향이 있다는 주제의 글이다. 객관적으로 사물을 보는 것이 아니라 자기의 관심사와 상황에 따라 다르게 해석하고, 판단한다는 내용의 글이다.
11) ⑤ 글의 마지막 문장에 인성은 학습된 행동이라고 했으므로 ⑤ 의 인성은 선천적요인이라는 내용은 지문의 내용과 일치하지 않는다.
13) ③ ⑤
17) ③ 여섯번째 문장에서 막대기들이 가까워 질 때 앞에 있는 공기가 압축되고 에너지가 축적된다고 했으므로 주변 공기가 팽창한다는 내용을 본문과 다르다.
19) (D) →(A) →(C) →(B)
도움이 되신다면 댓글이나 공감 부탁드립니다.
여러분의 피드백이 저에겐 큰 힘이 됩니다.
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